Vision Therapy

Vision Therapy

Vision Therapy

Some visual conditions cannot be treated adequately with just glasses, contact lenses and/or patching, and are best resolved through a program of Vision Therapy. Our evaluations determine the patient’s visual and motor skill level. Vision Therapy is then programmed to meet specific needs for development of proper visual, perceptual and motor abilities. We place great value in offering vision therapy to those requiring assistance with visual and visual motor skills.



What is Vision Therapy?

Vision Therapy is an individualized, supervised, treatment program designed to correct visual-motor and/or perceptual-cognitive deficiencies. Vision Therapy sessions include procedures designed to enhance the brain’s ability to control:

  • Eye alignment
  • Eye tracking and eye teaming
  • Eye focusing abilities
  • Eye movements
  • Visual processing

Visual-motor skills and endurance are developed through the use of specialized computer and optical devices, including therapeutic lenses, prisms, and filters. During the final stages of therapy, the patient’s newly acquired visual skills are reinforced and made automatic through repetition and by integration with motor and cognitive skills. Back to top


Who Benefits from Vision Therapy?

Children and adults with visual challenges, such as:

  • Learning-related Vision Problems
    Vision Therapy can help those individuals who lack the necessary visual skills for effective reading, writing, and learning (i.e., eye movement Visual Processingand focusing skills, convergence, eye-hand activity, visual memory skills, etc.)

To learn more about learning-related vision problems, visit any of these web pages on:

  • Poor Binocular (2-eyed) Coordination
    Vision Therapy helps individuals develop normal coordination and teamwork of the two eyes (binocular vision). When the two eyes fail to Binocular Awarenesswork together as an effective team, performance in many areas can suffer (reading, sports, depth perception, eye contact, etc.)

To learn more about binocular (two-eyed) vision, visit any of these web pages on:

  • Convergence Insufficiency (common near vision disorder)
    Recent scientific research – funded by the National Eye Institute and conducted at Mayo Clinic – has proven that in-office Vision Therapy is Eye Teamingthe best treatment for Convergence Insufficiency.

To learn all about Convergence Insufficiency, go to:

  • Amblyopia (lazy eye), Diplopia (double vision), and Strabismus (cross-eyed, wandering eye, eye turns, etc.)
    Vision Therapy programs offer much higher cure rates for turned eyes and/or lazy eye when compared to eye surgery, glasses, and/or Oculomotor Skill Developmentpatching, without therapy. The earlier the patient receives Vision Therapy the better, however, our office successfully treats patients well past 21 years of age.Recent scientific research has disproven the long held belief that children with lazy eye, or amblyopia, can’t be helped after age 7.

To learn more about crossed eyes, eye turns, or lazy eye, visit these web pages on:

  • Stress-related Visual Problems – Blurred Vision, Visual Stress from Reading and Computers, Eye Strain Headaches, and/or Vision-induced Stomachaches or Motion Sickness
    21st century life demands more from our vision than ever before. Many children and adults constantly use their near vision at school, work Visual Discriminationand home. Environmental stresses on the visual system (including excessive computer use or close work) can induce blurred vision, eyestrain, headaches, etc.

To learn about these visual problems and vision therapy, see:

  • Visual Rehabilitation for Special Needs – Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), Stroke, Birth Injury, Brain Damage, Head Injury, Whiplash, Cerebral Palsy, MS, etc.
    Vision can be compromised as a result of neurological disorders or trauma to the nervous system. Vision Therapy can effectively treat the visual consequences of brain trauma (including double vision).

To learn more about visual rehabilitation with vision therapy, see:

  • Visual Rehabilitation for Special Needs – Developmental Delays, Visual Perceptual Visual-Motor Deficits, Attention Deficit Disorders, Autism Spectrum Disorders

To learn more about vision therapy as it relates to developmental delays or disorders, see:Eye-Hand Coordination

  • Sports Vision Improvement
    Strong visual skills are critical to sports success. Not much happens in sports until your eyes instruct yourVisual Spatial hands and body as to what to do! We can measure and successfully improve eye-hand coordination, visual reaction time, peripheral vision, eye focusing, eye tracking and teaming, visualization skills, and more. Find out how children and adults improve coordination and sports ability through Vision Therapy.

Vision Therapy can be the answer to many visual problems. Don’t hesitate to contact our office with your questions.

To read definitions of Vision Therapy by outside sources, see What is Vision Therapy? and/or Vision Therapy? Self-help Eye Exercises?. To browse through hundreds of stories by parents, teachers, adults and children, go to a national of catalog of Vision Therapy Success Stories.

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Vision Therapy Resources

Resources for Convergence Insufficiency diagnosis available
The 2008 Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial clearly supports the superiority of office-based vision therapy to home-based vision therapy alone for convergence insufficiency. As noted in the AOA’s Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) on Care of the Patient with Accommodative and Vergence Dysfunction, home-based vision therapy may be less effective than in-office therapy because no therapist is available to correct inappropriate procedures or to motivate the patient. The preferred clinical management therefore consists of in-office vision therapy supplemented with home therapy.

Sample procedures include loose prism jumps, eccentric circles and life savers. References:

For more information, visit http://www.aoa.org/CI-Therapy.xml


Neuroplasticity: Teaching An Old Brain New Tricks

Research shows that adults do, in fact, exhibit neuroplasticity. You can use this innate ability to treat a variety of visual system disorders.

By Dominick M. Maino, O.D., M.Ed.

Goal Statement: Because an adult brain can change, end organs, such as the eye, can be cortically altered, show improvement after insult and injury, and be remediated and enhanced. This paper provides an overview of neuroplasticity and demonstrates how optometrists can take advantage of this innate ability in adult patients.

Click here to read the article


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